NEGBAH (Heb. נֶגְבָּה; "toward the Negev"), kibbutz in southern Israel, 6 mi. (10 km.) E. of Ashkelon, affiliated with Kibbutz Arẓi Ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir. Negbah was founded by pioneers from Poland as a stockade and watchtower settlement in the last month of the Arab riots (July 1939. and constituted the country's southernmost Jewish village at the time. As the kibbutz' name indicates, its establishment was the first of a systematic effort to gain footholds in the south and Negev. Isolated among strong Arab villages, Negbah had to repulse attacks in the first days of its existence. In the Israeli war of independence (1948) the Egyptian army made all-out efforts to take the kibbutz. The settlers held out for six months in their entrenchments under continuous shelling, air bombardment, and tank attacks, after Egyptian forces occupied the nearby dominating Iraq Suweidān police fortress. The kibbutz was completely destroyed aboveground. The Egyptians, in violation of the local cease-fire agreement, interfered with the passage of Israeli convoys from Negbah to the Negev settlements and this led to the "Ten Plagues" Operation of the Israeli army (Oct. 15, 1948); a strong Egyptian pocket continued to hold Negbah under fire until the police fortress fell on Nov. 9. The kibbutz preserved its ruined water tower in memory of the battles, and erected a monument to the defenders in its cemetery. After 1948 Negbah developed a flourishing farming economy based on intensive field crops, citrus and other fruit   orchards, and dairy cattle. It also established a sewing factory and a metal workshop. Its population in 1968 was 404. In the mid-1990s the population was approximately 665, dropping to 407 in 2002. (Efraim Orni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WAR OF INDEPENDENCE — (Heb. מִלְחֶמֶת הָעַצְמָאוּת Milḥemet ha Aẓma ut, or מִלְחֶמֶת הַקּוֹמְמִיּוֹּת Milḥemet ha Komemiyyut, or מִלְחֶמֶת הַשִּׁחְרוּר Milḥemet ha Shiḥrur (the War of Liberation), war waged by the Jews of Palestine for survival, freedom, and political …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Negba — 31.66083333333334.68305555555686 Koordinaten: 31° 40′ N, 34° 41′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1948 Palestinian exodus — Palestinian refugees in 1948 The 1948 Palestinian exodus (Arabic: الهجرة الفلسطينية‎, al Hijra al Filasṭīnīya), also known as the Nakba (Arabic: النكبة‎, an Nakbah, lit. disaster , catastrophe , or cataclysm ),[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Ludwig Schwerin — (* 10. Juli 1897 in Buchen (Odenwald); † 2. Juli 1983 in Ramat Gan/Israel) war Maler, Graphiker und Buchillustrator. Er studierte an der Kunstakademie Karlsruhe und arbeitete anschließend in München und Berlin. 1938 floh er aus Deutschland über… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hevel Lakhish — Champ d anémones dans le Hevel Lakhish, à proximité du moshav Amatzia Le Hevel Lakhish est une région du centre d Israël, située entre les Monts de Judée à l est et la ville d Ashkelon à l ouest. Au centre se trouve la ville de Kiryat Gat. Cette… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FEINSTEIN, MEIR — (1927–1947), Jew condemned to death by the British in Palestine. Feinstein was born in the Old City of Jerusalem. In his youth he went to work in the kibbutz of Negbah, where he joined the Palmaḥ , and at the age of 16 volunteered for service in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HAGANAH — (Heb. הַגָּנָה), the underground military organization of the yishuv in Ereẓ Israel from 1920 to 1948. The idea of establishing a defense organization that would protect the yishuv throughout Ereẓ Israel was born during the Ottoman period. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POPULATION — THE JEWISH POPULATION Growth by Aliyah In 1882 the Jewish population of Ereẓ Israel numbered some 24,000, roughly 5% of the total, and about 0.3% of the world Jewish population. Since then there has been an almost continuous flow of aliyah, which …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HUMAN GEOGRAPHY — In respect of human as well as of physical geography, it is convenient to divide the Land of Israel into four major units: 1. the Mediterranean Coastal Plain 2. the hill regions of northern and central Cisjordan (west of the Jordan) 3. the Rift… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LACHISH REGION — LACHISH REGION, development region in southern Israel, comprising an area of approximately 275 sq. mi. (750 sq. km.). Stretching from the Mediterranean Coast between Niẓẓanim and the Gaza Strip eastward to the pre 1967 armistice line, the region… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”